Effects of Gun Violence

Gun violence is estimated to cost the American economy at least $229 billion every year. Let that sink in — $229 billion. In addition to the medical costs of a shooting, indirect expenses take the form of impact on victims’ quality of life and victims’ lost wages.

Beyond the economic cost, we also see fractured families, neighborhoods, and communities. According to the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA), more than 5 percent of America’s children have witnessed a shooting. It’s time to focus on how repeated exposure to gun violence affects the next generation.

We’ve heard stories of children in the most impacted communities sleeping in tubs to avoid bullets fired at night. Mothers under stress are giving birth to babies with lower birth weights. Children can’t even go to the library because their streets aren't safe, further putting them at a disadvantage in school. And, because many of gun violence's root causes: poverty, trauma, and ineffective public safety policies, go hand-in-hand with systemic racism, gun homicide has a disproportionate impact on Black and Brown communities—and Black and Brown children.

We can try to tally, but ultimately the costs are too high to count.

Housing Prices and Local Economy

A 2017 report by the Urban Institute shows that higher levels of neighborhood gun violence can be associated with fewer retail and service establishments as well as fewer new jobs. Higher levels of gun violence are also associated with lower home values, credit scores, and homeownership rates. As a result, gun violence hurts a community's housing prices and drives residents to relocate from or avoid moving to affected neighborhoods.

Medical Costs

In 2010 alone, 36,000 victims of firearm assaults visited the emergency room, and 25,000 were admitted to the hospital — coming to a total cost of $630 million in medical treatment. The majority of that price tag — or 52 percent — was charged to taxpayers through publicly funded health insurance, and 28 percent was billed to people who lacked health insurance.

Public Health

Let's call gun violence exactly what it is — an epidemic. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), an overwhelming 87 percent of Americans think gun violence is a public health threat, including 77 percent of Republicans and 96 percent of Democrats. In 2016, the American Medical Association (AMA), the country's largest physicians group, adopted a formal policy calling gun violence "a public health crisis."

It's not hard to understand why. People who are impacted by gun violence may experience stress, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The effects of this harm extend not just to survivors but also to witnesses, bystanders, neighbors, and all those who love them.

Living in Fear

Even living under the threat of gun violence affects our health. According to a 2018 study by the Pew Research Center, the majority of U.S. teens fear a shooting could happen at their school, and most parents share their concern. Students of color express a higher level of concern than their white peers.

Everyone has the right to live without the fear of being shot. Where you live shouldn’t determine if you live. It’s in our hands to end the toll of gun violence in our country.

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